Measures & Conversions

Because we should always bake the way we are comfortable, sometimes we need to make conversions to recipes.  I have tried to include both weights and cup measures in all my recipes where possible but it is always good to have a reference guide.

My preference is to use metric weight and liquid measures wherever possible, I believe it results in greater consistency of results and avoids any confusion over the amount.  Also – in New Zealand what is commonly referred to as a cup is a metric cup of 250ml.  Whenever i say ‘cup’ in a recipe this is what i mean.  A quick conversion to US for this is 1 US cup plus one tablespoon equals one metric cup.

Basic Measures

  • 1 teaspoon (tsp) = 5 ml = 1/6 fluid ounces
  • 1 tablespoon (tbsp) = 15 ml = 3 teaspoons = 1/2 fluid ounces
  • 1 standard cup = 225 ml = 7.6 fluid ounces
  • 1 US cup = 236 ml = 8 fluid ounces
  • 1 metric cup = 250 ml = 8.5 fluid ounces
  • 1 pint = 16 fluid ounces
  • 1 pound = 16 ounces
  • 1 quart = 2 pints = 32 fluid ounces
  • 1 kilogram = 1,000 grams
  • 1 litre = 1,000 millilitres = 4 metric cups

Metric and US Conversions

Standard conversions between US and metric weights are:

  • 1 ounce (oz) = 28 grams                                     100 grams (gm) = 3.6 ounces
  • 1 pound (lb) = 450 grams                                    1 kilogram (kg) = 2.2 pounds

Standard conversions between US and metric volumes are:

  • 1 fluid ounce (fl oz) = 30 millilitres                    100 millilitres (ml) = 3.4 fluid ounces
  • 1 pint (pt) = 473 millilitres                                    1 metric cup = 8.5 fluid ounces
  • 1 quart (qt) = 946 millilitres                                 1 litre (l) = 33.8 fluid ounces or 2.1 pints